February 13th, 2006

Рассказывает проф. Давид Голинкин

The prevalence of this type of great-grandson in Israel today was confirmed to me at Ben Gurion Airport last week. The young woman at the check-in counter, a 25-year-old Sabra, engaged me in the following conversation in Hebrew:

“I see you’re a Professor. May I ask of what?”
DG: “Talmud.”
“What is Talmud? Is it like Tanakh (the Bible)?”
DG: “It is sort of like a twenty-volume commentary on the Tanakh.”
“Is it like the New Testament?”
DG: “No, not at all.”
She persisted: “So it’s from the period of the Tanakh?”
DG: “No, it was written 1,000 years later.”
Then I asked: “Tell me, didn’t you learn Torah Shebe’al Peh in school (the oral law, the one hour a week in which Israeli kids are supposed to learn something about rabbinic Judaism)?”
She replied: “We did, but who remembers! It wasn’t serious.”

О свободе пищати

В 1701 году Пётр Первый издал указ, запрещающий монахам держать в кельях перья и чернила без разрешения настоятеля (опасение подмётных писем). Указ подтверждён в 1723 году.
А 18 августа 1718 года издан указ о смертной казни тому, кто пишет запершись. Недоносителю о сем - таковая же казнь.

(Пушкин, Материалы к истории Петра Великого, по Голикову),